Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain and died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France. He was the son of an art and drawing teacher and a brilliant student.
He worked on different fields: painting, drawing, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.
Picasso's art is classified into periods:
Blue period (1901-1904)
This period consists of somber paintings in shades of blue and blue-green. Many paintings of gaunt mothers with children belong to this period. Blindness is also a recurrent theme of this period.
Rose period (1904-1906)
This period is characterized by a more cheery style with orange and pink colours, and featuring many circus people, acrobats and harlequins.
This is a style that Picasso developed along George Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colors. Both artists took apart objects and 'analyzed' them in terms of their shapes.
Classicism and Surrealism
During the 1930s the minotaur replaced the harlequin as the motif of his work. Arguably Picasso's most famous work is his depiction of the bombing of the town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. This large canvas embodies for many the inhumanity, brutality and hopelessness of war. The public who look at the symbols must interpret them as they understand them. The Guernica is now exhibited at the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid.